Women are about as likely as men to develop high blood pressure during their lifetimes. However, for people younger than 45 years, the condition affects more men than women. For people aged 65 years and older, it affects more women than men.
High blood pressure was a primary or contributing cause of death for 336,353 Americans in 2007.
There were more than 46 million visits to doctor’s offices for hypertension in 2007.
High Blood Pressure and Salt
A diet high in sodium (salt) increases the risk for higher blood pressure.
Most people eat more than double the amount of salt than they should.
Current dietary guidelines for Americans recommend that adults in general should consume no more than 2,300 mg of sodium per day. At the same time, consume potassium-rich foods, such as fruits and vegetables. However, if you are in the following population groups, you should consume no more than 1,500 mg of sodium per day, and meet the potassium recommendation (4,700 mg/day) with food.
You are 51 years of age or older.
You are African American.
You have high blood pressure.
You have diabetes.
You have chronic kidney disease.
About 77% of the sodium Americans consume comes from processed and restaurant foods.